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What is Noun and types of Noun – Learn uses of Nouns.

What is Noun ?

NOUN:- Nouns are the name of persons, places, ideas, expressions , books, rivers ,mountains etc. In simple language we can say that All naming words are nouns.

E.g. :- Ram, Krishna, John, Banana, the Himalya, the Sun, the Ganga, Mumbai, India, Bihar, London, town, city, school, cinema, picture, health, health care, folk, girls, people, game, member, milk, water, gold, love, hate, anger etc..

Mentioned above all examples are name. Nouns are used in a sentence with different roles like as a subject, direct object, indirect object, subject compliment, object compliment, adjective or apossitive.

Type of Noun

Kinds of Noun:- In depth there five kinds of Noun. Which are ..

1. Proper Noun

2. Common Noun

3. Abstract Noun

4. Collective Noun and

5. Material Noun.

Countable noun and Uncountable noun.

In modern English grammar all nouns can be divided into there only two type of nouns i.e. Countable noun & Uncountable noun.

Countable noun:-

Countable noun:- Nouns which can be counted in numbers are countable nouns. Countable nouns are usually in both singular and plural forms. Proper nouns are always countable and these are countable nouns besides proper noun some common nouns, collective nouns are also countable nouns.

e.g:- Country, State, River, Books, peel, groups, troops, forces, pieces, dogs, cats, boys, students , cup, plate, cloth etc.

For example:- Plural countable- There are five books on this table. Here the word books is a common plural noun which number is five in this sentence.

e.g:- Plural countable:- Three troops from army and BSF are deployed in this area. In this sentence troops is a collective noun which is countable, i.e. three in numbers.

e.g:- Plural countable:- Ten students in class 11th have failed in Mathematics test. In this sentence the word students is a common plural noun which is ten in numbers.

e.g:- Singular countable :- The Ganga is a holy river of India. Here river is countable as a (one).

e.g:- Singular countable :- I have a horse whose name is Heera. In this sentence horse is also countable.

e.g:- A gang of rovers. In this sentence gang is countable whenever it is a collective noun.

Uncountable noun:-

Uncountable noun:- The nouns which can not be counted are termed as uncountable nouns. only material nouns, abstract nouns and some collective nouns are uncountable nouns whenever proper noun never comes under uncountable noun because, proper nouns are always countable. Uncountable nouns are usually in singulars or plurals.

e.g:- goods, clothes, regards, arms, woods, irons, groceries, poetry, money, oil, water, milk, rain, plastic, gold, silver, coal, iron, bread, feeling, love, anger, honesty, education, progress, dream, justice, bravery, peace, pride, honor, maturity, sugar etc.

e.g:- Sugar is sweet. This sentence denotes that sugar is uncountable singular noun.

e.g:- Honesty is the best policy. —– In this sentence honesty is singular uncountable noun.

e.g:- Correct – This chai is made of plastic.

Incorrect:- These chair are made of plastics.

e.g:- India and America done arms deal last month. —- In this sentence the word arms is uncountable plural noun.

e.g.:- Have you bought the groceries ?

e.g.:- Now days every people are mad for money. —– Here people has been used as uncountable plural noun

e.g.:- The police are searching for a criminal. —- In this sentence police looks singular but uses as plural.

e.g. :- Scissors are used to cut clothes.

Proper Noun

proper noun :- The Noun which defines the name to a specific person, or a particular thing or a person is called proper noun. ..e.g:- India, Delhi, The Ramayan, The Himalya, The Ganga, The Sun, The Moon, Krishna, The Bible, Ayush, cricket, football, etc.

A proper noun defines to a place name, country name, state name, city name, name of a book, name of river, name of mountain, etc. All proper nouns are countable nouns.

Note:- Proper noun always starts with CAPITAL letter.

Note:- Before the name of any religious books, name of God , Sun, Moon, Himalya, Ganga word the is always used.

For e.g:- The Ganga, The Ramayan, The Mahabharat, The Bible, The lord Shiva , The lord Shrikrishna, The Ganesha , The Sun, The Moon, The Himalya.

For example:- Miss Joseph is a kind hearted women.

For example:- The Ganga is a holly river of India .

For example:- The Himalaya is biggest mountain in Inida.


Common Noun:-

Common noun:- The noun which defines the generic name to person, place or thing of a class or category or profession is called common noun. Common nouns don’t start with capital letters unlike proper nouns when these are used as objects. It starts with capital letters only when it is used as a subject. Common nouns are countable.

E.g:- soldier, girl, boy, mountain, chair, cow, animal, money, lawyer, teacher, doctor, student, child, children, mother, father, sister, brother, driver, president, stars etc.

e.g:- Daughters are the pride of fathers. Here daughters and fathers both denite to a generic category of human being hence both are plural common nouns.

e.g:- The life of a soldier is not easy. —– In this sentence there are two nouns i .e. life and soldier. Soldier is a common noun because it represents a person belonging to a special class or category whenever, life is an abstract noun because the word life can not be physically touched, heard, felt it only denotes to a word which is abstract.

e.g:- Tony is the most brilliant student in his class. In this sentence Tony is a proper noun because it denotes to a specific or particular boy whose name is Tony, whenever the word students is a common noun which is used for a category of several boys who study i .e. students.

Abstract Noun

Abstract noun:- The naming word which indicates about an idea, quality, state, emotions, feelings, concepts, events about any person, thing or matter is termed as Collective noun. Abstract noun can not be seen, heard, touched, tested, smelled. It is a uncountable noun.

Note:- Abstract noun does not refer to a physical objects and it may be uncountable Singular or Plural noun.

e.g:- love, hate, feelings, idea, affection, oldness, friendship, anger, kindness, loyalty, success, pain, education etc.

e.g:- Honesty is the best policy. In this sentence the word honesty and policy both are abstract noun because these can’t be touched, seen by eyes, these are concept and ideas which describe about the attribute and concept respectively.

e.g:- He has vast knowledge of Engli opsh grammar. In

this sentence knowledge is an abstract noun which describes his concept or experience about English grammar. His knowledge couldn’t be physically touched only could be felt or his activities related to English could be seen. Thus, knowledge is an abstract noun.

Collective Noun

Collective noun:- The noun which indicates to a group or collection or gathering or bunch of any person, things is known as Collective noun.

e.g:- people, team, class, group, market, folk, crowd, library, army, police force, rally, march, procession, parade, committee, assembly etc.

e.g:- The library of congress is the biggest library in the world. In this sentence coloured word library is collective noun which is the collection of books. Hence, library is collective noun.

e.g:- The all members of the committee are well educated. Here the word committee indicates that there are several members in this committee. Hence, committee is an abstract noun.

e.g:- All students are present in the class. In this sentence class is a group of students .

Material or Mass noun.

Material noun or Mass noun :- Words that describe solid, liquid, semi-liquid , powder matters or things , metals or non-metals which are found naturally from nature, plants and animals having mass and can not be counted only be measured or weihged are termed as material noun or Mass noun.

e.g:- iron, copper, tin, wood, milk, water, cotton, coffee, tea, calcium, protein, rice, oil etc.

Note:- Material nouns are usually singular uncountable nouns.

Incorrect:- Coppers are good conductor of electricity.

Nouns are used as a subject, as a direct object, as an indirect object, as a predicate,

Correct:- Copper is a good conductor of electricity.

Incorrect:- These chairs are made of plastics.

Correct :- These chairs are made of plastic.

Incorrect:- Irons cut irons.

Correct:- Iron cuts iron.

Note:- diamond is an exception of material noun which is used somtetimes as Singular or Plural in both forms.

E.g:- Diamonds are used to make precious jwellery.

e.g:- I’d rather have roses on my table than diamonds on my neck.

e.g:- Diamonds are true friends of beautiful girls.

e.g:- Diamond is a precious gemstone.

Uses of nouns:-

Noun as a subject:-

e.g:- Delhi is the capital of India.— Delhi is a proper noun and it is used as a subject in this sentence.

e.g.:- The glass is broken. —– In this sentence glass is a common noun and has been used as a subject.

e.g. :- Swimming is my favorite exercise. —- Word swimming (a sports) is a noun which has been used as a subject.

Noun as a direct object:-

When in a sentence a noun receives the action from the transitive verb then, it is termed that noun is as a direct object. Following examples represent to noun as a direct object where nouns are in bold colored and verbs are underlined.

e.g.:- Ayush plays cricket daily.

e.g.:- Priti loves to play badminton.

e.g.:- The police have arrested the criminal.

Noun as indirect object:-

Uncountable nouns look plural but are used always as singular.
  • billiards :- Billiards is a game for two people, played on billiard table in which three balls are struck with cues into pockets round the edge of the table with points scored by canons, pocketing an object ball, or cannoning the cue ball into a pocket.— Definition by Oxford Languages.
  • classics :- Classics is a branch of the humanities compromising the language, literature, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and other culture of the ancient Mediterranean world.
  • darts :-
  • droughts
  • ethics
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  • linguistics
  • mathematics
  • mechanics
  • measles
  • news
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  • rickets
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